Results and Analysis In An Academic Research

July 18, 2020

Results and Analysis

When the researcher finalizes the research and experiments through textual and data-based methods, then it is time to summarize and analyze the results. The researcher usually allocates a part at the end of the research paper for the results and analysis sections right after explaining the research process and the methodology. Results and analysis constitute the rationale for the research paper’s argument. Thus, it is crucial to write strong results and analysis sections. 

Summarizing The Results In A Research 

The results section is sometimes referred to as “the findings.” Without interpreting the results and without any analysis, the results section only narrates the findings. It is where the researcher reports the findings as a result of the information gathered from the methodology. Thus, the results section shows relevant information such as graphs, data tables, and figures. After presenting this information, there must be a short paragraph. This paragraph should be purely descriptive and explain the results without interpretation. Furthermore, it should be purely data-driven, clarify the unclear points, and include negative results as well1. For example, let’s assume that a research group is conducting research about the impacts of trade liberalization. Their results section would include graphs and data tables on the change in GDP and production capabilities after trade restrictions are lifted in a country. Then, the researcher would write an objective paragraph for summarizing the results. 

Writing An Analysis Section In A Research Paper

The analysis section is written after summarizing the results. This section aims to explain the reasons for the results in a technical way. The analysis aims to justify the argument of the research paper by analyzing the results. This section should evaluate the study and also include criticism about the methodology, explaining the weak and strong aspects of the design. According to Harvard Kennedy School Communications Program, the researcher should consider utilizing the following analytic tools for analysis: Question/Answer, Problem/Solution, Hypothesis/Proof, Comparison/Contrast, Cause/Effect, Change Over Time2. Thus, the analysis section is where the researcher tries to prove the argument by using these analytic tools. However, it must be noted that the analysis section should analyze the results objectively while justifying the argument. The researcher should explain the limitations of the research as well as suggest improvements to the design.

You can read a more detailed article about academic research via this link.

1https://wiu.libguides.com/c.php?g=295539&p=1970526#:~:text=The%20results%20section%20should%20aim,done%20with%20the%20data%20found.

2https://projects.iq.harvard.edu/files/hks-communications-program/files/tips-for-writing-analytic-research-papers.pdf

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